Resolution Foundation

Under pressure

Managing fiscal pressures in the 2020s
The State
Report cover

The 2020s are set to be a decade in which the spending pressures from ageing intensify, healthcare costs continue to rise, and the state needs to invest more to drive a rapid transition to net zero. These trends will play out against the backdrop of a decade of significant economic change that will place further pressures on the state to do more.

This report assesses the demands on the state in the 2020s; considers what we can learn from the strategies employed to deal with past spending pressures; and evaluates these and other strategies available to governments over the next decade as they seek to manage existing and emerging fiscal pressures.

Explore the report

Explore the report’s Executive Summary and Key Findings below, or download the full report as a PDF.


For all research queries about this report, please contact Krishan Shah. For press queries, please contact the Resolution Foundation press office.

Krishan Shah
Resolution Foundation
Email Krishan